What Kills Fungus In The Body? Effective Remedies Examined
Fungi infections are very common though not as deadly as bacterial and viral infections. Overall, there are 300 fungus species known to cause infections in human beings.
These fungi bring about a lot of infections so if you’re looking for a one master drug that can kill fungi in the body, you won’t find any.
Over the years, hundreds of effective fungi medicines have been made available. These medicines are quite effective against the most common fungal infections including cutaneous candidiasis, tinea versicolor, onychomycosis, and ringworm.
What Kills Fungus In The Body?
Treatment for Fungal Infections
Unlike bacterial and viral infections, fungal infections are very much straightforward to treat.
Treatment for fungal infections usually depends on the type of fungal infections, the severity of the infection, and if the affected person has any other health problems.
Some fungal infections can be treated in a matter of days while others could take weeks or months for the affected person to be cured.
How do Antifungal Medicines Work?
Most antifungal medicines contain chemicals that damage the cell wall of the fungus which eventually leads to the death of the fungus.
Some antifungal medicines do not outrightly kill the fungus, but instead, prevent it from growing and reproducing. The fungus eventually dies off.
Overall, most antifungal treatments are effective on their own. In some cases, however, the fungal treatment will have to be combined with other medicines.
Types of Fungal Treatment
Fungal treatments are called antifungal medicines and they come in several types.
Topical antifungals are fungal medicines that come in the form of creams, gel, ointment or spray. They are used to treat fungal skin, scalp, and nail infections.
There are many brands of topical antifungals but the most popular ones include tioconazole, clotrimazole, ketoconazole, econazole, miconazole, and terbinafine,
Some brands produce fungal treatments that not only treat fungal infections but other kinds of infections. These fungal medicines come with antibacterial properties to kill off bacteria on the skin, scalp, and nail.
They also come with anti-inflammatory properties to help reduce inflammation caused by the infection.
Depending on the infection, the affected person will have to purchase a steroid cream for inflammation and antifungal cream to treat the infection. Getting an antifungal cream that does both will help save costs and possibly reduces the chances of side effects.
Antifungal shampoos contain ketoconazole which could help to treat scalp and skin fungal infections.
These types of fungal infections are most effective on scalp infections, however, they are best used with other fungal medicines.
Oral antifungals are medicines that are to be taken by mouth. Some oral medicines like Miconazole are applied to the mouth instead. These drugs are used to treat fungal infections of the mouth and throat.
Most oral antifungals are meant to be absorbed into the body. This way they can effectively kill the fungus and get rid of the infection. Some oral antifungals include fluconazole, itraconazole posaconazole, Terbinafine, and voriconazole.
Antifungal injections are medicines administered to treat more serious fungal infections.
Unlike over-the-counter oral antifungals, this type of medicine will have to be administered by your doctor.
The doctor will inject the antifungal medicine into your bloodstream through a vein in your arm.
Some antifungal medicines used this way include itraconazole, anidulafungin, flucytosine, caspofungin, anidulafungin, and micafungin.
Side Effects of Antifungal Medicines
Like every other medicine, antifungal treatment comes with its own set of side effects. The side effects vary per medicine.
They also depend on the type of infection being treated and the severity of the infection. Luckily most antifungals have few or no side effects. The ones with side effects are usually mild.
Topical Antifungals: Topical antifungals usually cause no side effects especially when they are used correctly.
Sometimes people may develop mild side effects like itching, burning, or redness in the area where the antifungal treatment was applied.
In most cases, this subsides. If you notice severe itching, burning, or redness, you should stop using the treatment immediately. It could be that you’re allergic to the chemicals used in making the medicine.
If you continue using the treatment, you may end up developing a more serious condition than the one you’re trying to treat. Alternatively, you can opt for other fungal medicines with different makeup.
Oral Antifungals: Just like topical antifungals, most oral antifungals cause no side effects. This is one of the reasons they can be purchased over-the-counter without a prescription.
However, a small number of people may experience loss of appetite, nausea, rash, headache, and diarrhea while using certain medicines.
Oral Antifungals usually come with a leaflet that contains a set of instructions detailing the possible side effects and how to go about them. Ensure you go through the leaflet before using the medicine.
Antifungal Injections: Antifungal injections could cause side effects and in some cases, the side effects may outweigh the benefits of the drug.
Fortunately, these drugs are only used to treat serious fungal infections and they are only administered by medical practitioners.
Medical practitioners usually go for options with little or no side effects that won’t cause more pain than the infection itself.
Length of Treatment
There are many fungal infections out there and the treatment for such infections depends on a number of factors. Some of these factors include the severity of the infection and the type of medication used
In some cases, treatment could be quickened by using two types of antifungal medicine. For example, combining oral antifungals and topical antifungals to treat a skin infection.
Risk of Fungal Infection
Like every other disease, fungal infections can be transmitted from one person to another. However, some fungal infections like cutaneous candidiasis are caused by an overgrowth of the fungus in the body. Individuals with weakened immune systems are more likely to get a fungal infection.
So there you have the available options including some examples of antifungal treatments that could kill fungus in the body.
Before using any form of treatment, ensure that you get yourself checked out to confirm that you have a fungal infection.